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Understanding and Managing Tennis Elbow: Causes, Sym

tennis elbow causes and treatments

Tennis Elbow

Tennis elbow, also medically referred to as lateral epicondylitis, is a common condition characterized by inflammation of the outer part of the elbow. Contrary to its name, tennis elbow is not limited to tennis players and can affect individuals engaged in various activities that involve repetitive arm movements.

This condition typically arises due to overuse of the forearm muscles and tendons, leading to microtears in the tendons attached to the lateral epicondyle, the bony bump on the outer side of the elbow. Tennis elbow is more prevalent in people aged 30 to 50 years.

Causes of Tennis Elbow

The primary cause of tennis elbow is repetitive stress on the forearm muscles and tendons. Activities such as tennis, racquet sports, weightlifting, typing, and painting can contribute to the development of this condition. The repetitive motion and gripping associated with these activities can strain the tendons, leading to inflammation and pain.

Symptoms of Tennis Elbow

1. Pain

The most common symptom is pain on the outer part of the elbow, often radiating down the forearm.

2. Weakness

Individuals with tennis elbow may experience weakness in the forearm.

3. Grip Difficulties

Difficulty with gripping or lifting objects may be observed.

Treatment Options

Addressing tennis elbow typically involves a combination of conservative measures. Here are some common treatment options:

1. Rest

Allowing the affected arm to rest and avoiding activities that exacerbate symptoms is crucial for recovery.

2. Ice

Applying ice to the affected area helps reduce inflammation. Cold packs can be applied for about 15-20 minutes at a time.

3. Compression

Using a brace or bandage can provide support to the affected arm and help alleviate strain on the tendons.

4. Elevation

Keeping the arm elevated can aid in reducing swelling and promoting healing.

5. Medication

Over-the-counter pain relievers or anti-inflammatory drugs, such as ibuprofen, may be recommended to manage pain and inflammation.

6. Physical Therapy

Engaging in specific stretching and strengthening exercises under the guidance of a physical therapist can improve flexibility and reduce strain on the affected tendons.

7. Bracing or Splinting

Wearing a brace or splint may be advised to limit forearm movement and decrease stress on the tendons.

In cases where conservative measures do not provide relief, more advanced treatments may be considered:

i). Corticosteroid Injections:

Injections of corticosteroids into the affected area can help alleviate pain and inflammation.

ii). Surgery:

Surgery is a last resort and is reserved for severe cases that do not respond to other treatments. The procedure involves removing damaged tissue and repairing the tendon.


Tennis elbow is a common condition that can affect individuals of various ages and lifestyles. While it can be painful and inconvenient, the majority of cases can be successfully managed with conservative treatments. It's crucial to consult with a healthcare professional for an accurate diagnosis and a tailored treatment plan based on the severity of the condition.

Whether through rest, physical therapy, or, in rare cases, surgical intervention, the goal is to alleviate pain, restore functionality, and promote a full recovery. If you suspect tennis elbow or experience persistent elbow pain, seeking prompt medical attention is key to a faster and more effective recovery.

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